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9.6 1X6 ll3 r GENEALOGY COLLECTION 3 1833 01149 7689 AN ILLUSTRATED HISTORY NORTH IDAHO EMBRACING WL PERCES, IDAHO, LATAH, KOOTENAI » SHOSHONE COUNTIES STATE OF IDAHO v^ Western Historical Publishing Company 1G03 r* 1139138 DEDICATED TO THE PIONEERS OF NORTH IDAHO THE BRAVE MEN AND DEVOTED WOMEN THOSE WHO HAVE GONE AND THOSE WHO REMAIN PREFATORY. We have read the manuscript narrative of these events and it has our unqualified endorsement as a literary work of real merit. Andrew M 149 1, Henry 341 Johnson, Miles S 266 Johnson, Oliver : 143 Johnson. A 204 Kemper, Frank A 298 Kern, Willie E 141 Killinger, John W 255 King, Thomas D 143 King, William H 349 Kinsman, Harrv D 230 Kirby Philip R 183 Kn-li N . Charles W 363 I.ivengood, John 169 Lockridge, Samuel 149 Lough, Isaac N 343 Lough, John T 355 Lowary, Samuel E 361 Lowry, David FI 292 Lucas, Ezekiel 213 Lucas, Lee 236 Lydon, James R 269 Mabbott, Ernest C wo Mabbott, Thomas J. : 470 Deardorff, Everett G 470 Deasy, John 535 De Haven, James 502 De Partee, Roy 55S Dillinger, Samson 550 Dixon, Jesse M 488 Doss, John C 490 Doumecq, John 524 Duncan. Charles W 480 Dunn, Joseph W 545 Durant, Magnus J 497 Eckert, Tacob L 552 Eckland. As a writer or correspondent he was bold, and rather eloquent, giving overdrawn life sketches of passing events. mountain and drops the weary traveler finally at the approaches to the wire bridge.For months the editorial force of the company has been searching with zeal and avidity for everything which could possibly throw light upon the past and present of Nez Perces, Idaho, Latah, Kootenai and Shoshone counties. E Mc Carty, Alva T 220 Mc Coy, Mason S 196 Mc Cutehen, Alexander 316 Mc Fadden, James W 276 Mc Gee, John M 383 Mclntyre, Thomas C 180 Mc Kenna, Tohn 17S Mc Willis, Lonzo 226 Meek, Courtney W 322 Meek, Joseph L 168 Meek, Joseph L., Jr 155 Menges, Charles A 242 Merritt. Charles C 283 Miller, Alexander 293 Miller, Alfred E 201 Miller, Christopher C 315 Miller. Smith 152 Mowry, Jacob H 290 Moxley, Thomas C 207 Mucken, George 172 Mustoe, Albert 3S3 Mustoe, Henry 385 Mustoe, Lewis W 281 Mustoe, William 189 Nellsen, John 150 Nellsen, Simon 155 Nelson, Commodore B 267 Nelson, Frank 222 Nelson, Horace W 265 Nelsi 'ii. Oscar 378 Newdiard, Charles C 159 Newhard, Charles C Jr 162 Nichols, Elmer D 209 Northeutt, Edward J 176 Norton; Cyrus 157 Nosbisch, Jacob 358 Nugent, Owen 376 Nye, Michael N 307 Oderkirk. Emerson T 199 Rosse, Theophilus F 204 Rowe, Lee J 334 Ruchert, Fred 274 Ruddell, George H 230 Ruddell, William L 228 Rupe, Smith 377 Sampson, Charles C 330 Sanders, Lewis 263 Sanford, John L 317 Saunders, Charles C 202 Schaefer, Jacob 244 Schattner, Louis D 270 Schildman, Henry H 141 Schluetcr, Theodore 17^ Schnebly, William E 268 Schultz, Joseph A 232 Schwartz, Charles 158 Scott, Tsaac 215 Scott, James R 190 Sears, Fred B 249 Setlow, Andrew 3S2 Shaffer, Joseph E 313 Sharp, Manley 1 186 Shaw, James 188 Shawley, William F 313 Shelburrt, Hardy W 252 Sheppard, Charles J 329 Shortlidge, Allen J 375 Simmons, John B 310 Simmons, Joseph S 300 Simmons, Lewis A 314 Simmons, William H 369 Skelton, Arthur 275 Skinner, William II 266 Skow, Nels P : 282 Small, Ira [89 Smith, George A 200 Smith, Hilbert B 2S0 Smith, Phillip S 139 Smith. Fred 5^ Dallas, Green W 462 Davis, Fred A 323 Davis. Isaac M 546 Irwin, Richard L 554 Jarrett, Mark V 544 Johnson, Ed 496 Johnson, Hannibal F 566 Johnson, John T 548 Jones, Robert H 494 Jones, Seth 546 Keefer, Christopher F 501 Keith. Francis M 1072 Schill, Charles 1152 Schue, Peter 1 1 12 Skonnord, Bernt O 1152 Steadman. For instance to induce the natives to work and cultivate their lands, he had Mrs. De- scending, we note that the shelving sides of the canyon meet at" the bottom until they inclose the turbulent waters of this dangerous stream.Help us reach our goal of raising

9.6 1X6 ll3 r GENEALOGY COLLECTION 3 1833 01149 7689 AN ILLUSTRATED HISTORY NORTH IDAHO EMBRACING WL PERCES, IDAHO, LATAH, KOOTENAI » SHOSHONE COUNTIES STATE OF IDAHO v^ Western Historical Publishing Company 1G03 r* 1139138 DEDICATED TO THE PIONEERS OF NORTH IDAHO THE BRAVE MEN AND DEVOTED WOMEN THOSE WHO HAVE GONE AND THOSE WHO REMAIN PREFATORY. We have read the manuscript narrative of these events and it has our unqualified endorsement as a literary work of real merit. Andrew M 149 1, Henry 341 Johnson, Miles S 266 Johnson, Oliver : 143 Johnson. A 204 Kemper, Frank A 298 Kern, Willie E 141 Killinger, John W 255 King, Thomas D 143 King, William H 349 Kinsman, Harrv D 230 Kirby Philip R 183 Kn-li N . Charles W 363 I.ivengood, John 169 Lockridge, Samuel 149 Lough, Isaac N 343 Lough, John T 355 Lowary, Samuel E 361 Lowry, David FI 292 Lucas, Ezekiel 213 Lucas, Lee 236 Lydon, James R 269 Mabbott, Ernest C wo Mabbott, Thomas J. : 470 Deardorff, Everett G 470 Deasy, John 535 De Haven, James 502 De Partee, Roy 55S Dillinger, Samson 550 Dixon, Jesse M 488 Doss, John C 490 Doumecq, John 524 Duncan. Charles W 480 Dunn, Joseph W 545 Durant, Magnus J 497 Eckert, Tacob L 552 Eckland. As a writer or correspondent he was bold, and rather eloquent, giving overdrawn life sketches of passing events. mountain and drops the weary traveler finally at the approaches to the wire bridge.For months the editorial force of the company has been searching with zeal and avidity for everything which could possibly throw light upon the past and present of Nez Perces, Idaho, Latah, Kootenai and Shoshone counties. E Mc Carty, Alva T 220 Mc Coy, Mason S 196 Mc Cutehen, Alexander 316 Mc Fadden, James W 276 Mc Gee, John M 383 Mclntyre, Thomas C 180 Mc Kenna, Tohn 17S Mc Willis, Lonzo 226 Meek, Courtney W 322 Meek, Joseph L 168 Meek, Joseph L., Jr 155 Menges, Charles A 242 Merritt. Charles C 283 Miller, Alexander 293 Miller, Alfred E 201 Miller, Christopher C 315 Miller. Smith 152 Mowry, Jacob H 290 Moxley, Thomas C 207 Mucken, George 172 Mustoe, Albert 3S3 Mustoe, Henry 385 Mustoe, Lewis W 281 Mustoe, William 189 Nellsen, John 150 Nellsen, Simon 155 Nelson, Commodore B 267 Nelson, Frank 222 Nelson, Horace W 265 Nelsi 'ii. Oscar 378 Newdiard, Charles C 159 Newhard, Charles C Jr 162 Nichols, Elmer D 209 Northeutt, Edward J 176 Norton; Cyrus 157 Nosbisch, Jacob 358 Nugent, Owen 376 Nye, Michael N 307 Oderkirk. Emerson T 199 Rosse, Theophilus F 204 Rowe, Lee J 334 Ruchert, Fred 274 Ruddell, George H 230 Ruddell, William L 228 Rupe, Smith 377 Sampson, Charles C 330 Sanders, Lewis 263 Sanford, John L 317 Saunders, Charles C 202 Schaefer, Jacob 244 Schattner, Louis D 270 Schildman, Henry H 141 Schluetcr, Theodore 17^ Schnebly, William E 268 Schultz, Joseph A 232 Schwartz, Charles 158 Scott, Tsaac 215 Scott, James R 190 Sears, Fred B 249 Setlow, Andrew 3S2 Shaffer, Joseph E 313 Sharp, Manley 1 186 Shaw, James 188 Shawley, William F 313 Shelburrt, Hardy W 252 Sheppard, Charles J 329 Shortlidge, Allen J 375 Simmons, John B 310 Simmons, Joseph S 300 Simmons, Lewis A 314 Simmons, William H 369 Skelton, Arthur 275 Skinner, William II 266 Skow, Nels P : 282 Small, Ira [89 Smith, George A 200 Smith, Hilbert B 2S0 Smith, Phillip S 139 Smith. Fred 5^ Dallas, Green W 462 Davis, Fred A 323 Davis. Isaac M 546 Irwin, Richard L 554 Jarrett, Mark V 544 Johnson, Ed 496 Johnson, Hannibal F 566 Johnson, John T 548 Jones, Robert H 494 Jones, Seth 546 Keefer, Christopher F 501 Keith. Francis M 1072 Schill, Charles 1152 Schue, Peter 1 1 12 Skonnord, Bernt O 1152 Steadman. For instance to induce the natives to work and cultivate their lands, he had Mrs. De- scending, we note that the shelving sides of the canyon meet at" the bottom until they inclose the turbulent waters of this dangerous stream.Help us reach our goal of raising $1 million for Operation Homefront!We’re donating $500,000 to help support the critical needs of America’s military families. Growth and Development of Social Order— Idaho Legislature Memorializes Congress — Efforts to Annex Northern Idaho to Washington Territory— Stout Opposition of Residents of the Southern Portion of the Territory— Pailure of Congress in 1886 to Admit Idaho to the Union — Annexation Movement on the Wane — Passage of the Omnibus Bill — Draft of New Constitution Prohibits Bigamy and Polygamy — Mormons Claim That Test Oath Is in Violation of United States Consti- tution — Question Taken to Federal Supreme Court — Transportation Problem — Construction of Northern Pacific Rail- way — Activity of the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company — Mysterious Pass in the Bitter Root Range of Mountains — Exploitations of the Oregon Short Line — Union Pacific Railroad Company in the Field — Clearwater Controversy — The Lewiston Riparia Road PART II. Erick 320 Evans, Tames II 338 Evans, Orin 34S Evans, William M 272 Everts, Charles W 202 Fairley, Earl E 247 Fairley, Oliver L 3°° Fanning, Sherman W 252 Fansler, Jesse H 273 Farmer, Alanson 3! It was by the British fur traders that they were taught the use of blankets both as wearing apparel and bedding. We were much surprised when told that we had passed the rapids about six miles." But we must not allow ourselves to be betrayed into dwelling at too great length upon the topographic features of Idaho county, for scenic beauty, though adding greatly to the charm of any region, is neverthe- less in this practical age secondary in importance to numerous other considerations. William R I9S Doggett, Sidney J 295 Dowd, Charles 221 Dowd, Douglas V 210 Dowd. C 144 Durette, Frank 217 Easter, Levi C 179 Eastman, William A 231 Eby, Samuel M 293 Edwards, Toseph F 276 Ellis, Pitts 342 Erickson, Andrew J 320 Frickson. The graded public schools are housed in two buildings, one of four rooms and one of two, the former steam heated. Undoubtedly the Indians profited by the pres- ence among them of the merchants, from whom they obtained, besides an abundance of trinkets and tinsels, much that added greatly to their comfort. All during the forenoon we had been keeping a careful watch for the Wild Goose, and finally about noon, unable to stand the suspense any longer, the boat was pulled ashore near a house, and a farmer asked how far it was to the Wild Goose.This is the place to discuss the nine clues…For instance: What are the nine clues…Is the first clue “Begin it where warm waters halt” ? THE DISCUSSION CONTINUES ON THE CURRENT “NINE CLUES” PAGE.

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9.6 1X6 ll3 r GENEALOGY COLLECTION 3 1833 01149 7689 AN ILLUSTRATED HISTORY NORTH IDAHO EMBRACING WL PERCES, IDAHO, LATAH, KOOTENAI » SHOSHONE COUNTIES STATE OF IDAHO v^ Western Historical Publishing Company 1G03 r* 1139138 DEDICATED TO THE PIONEERS OF NORTH IDAHO THE BRAVE MEN AND DEVOTED WOMEN THOSE WHO HAVE GONE AND THOSE WHO REMAIN PREFATORY. We have read the manuscript narrative of these events and it has our unqualified endorsement as a literary work of real merit. Andrew M 149 1, Henry 341 Johnson, Miles S 266 Johnson, Oliver : 143 Johnson. A 204 Kemper, Frank A 298 Kern, Willie E 141 Killinger, John W 255 King, Thomas D 143 King, William H 349 Kinsman, Harrv D 230 Kirby Philip R 183 Kn-li N . Charles W 363 I.ivengood, John 169 Lockridge, Samuel 149 Lough, Isaac N 343 Lough, John T 355 Lowary, Samuel E 361 Lowry, David FI 292 Lucas, Ezekiel 213 Lucas, Lee 236 Lydon, James R 269 Mabbott, Ernest C wo Mabbott, Thomas J. : 470 Deardorff, Everett G 470 Deasy, John 535 De Haven, James 502 De Partee, Roy 55S Dillinger, Samson 550 Dixon, Jesse M 488 Doss, John C 490 Doumecq, John 524 Duncan. Charles W 480 Dunn, Joseph W 545 Durant, Magnus J 497 Eckert, Tacob L 552 Eckland. As a writer or correspondent he was bold, and rather eloquent, giving overdrawn life sketches of passing events. mountain and drops the weary traveler finally at the approaches to the wire bridge.

For months the editorial force of the company has been searching with zeal and avidity for everything which could possibly throw light upon the past and present of Nez Perces, Idaho, Latah, Kootenai and Shoshone counties. E Mc Carty, Alva T 220 Mc Coy, Mason S 196 Mc Cutehen, Alexander 316 Mc Fadden, James W 276 Mc Gee, John M 383 Mclntyre, Thomas C 180 Mc Kenna, Tohn 17S Mc Willis, Lonzo 226 Meek, Courtney W 322 Meek, Joseph L 168 Meek, Joseph L., Jr 155 Menges, Charles A 242 Merritt. Charles C 283 Miller, Alexander 293 Miller, Alfred E 201 Miller, Christopher C 315 Miller. Smith 152 Mowry, Jacob H 290 Moxley, Thomas C 207 Mucken, George 172 Mustoe, Albert 3S3 Mustoe, Henry 385 Mustoe, Lewis W 281 Mustoe, William 189 Nellsen, John 150 Nellsen, Simon 155 Nelson, Commodore B 267 Nelson, Frank 222 Nelson, Horace W 265 Nelsi 'ii. Oscar 378 Newdiard, Charles C 159 Newhard, Charles C Jr 162 Nichols, Elmer D 209 Northeutt, Edward J 176 Norton; Cyrus 157 Nosbisch, Jacob 358 Nugent, Owen 376 Nye, Michael N 307 Oderkirk. Emerson T 199 Rosse, Theophilus F 204 Rowe, Lee J 334 Ruchert, Fred 274 Ruddell, George H 230 Ruddell, William L 228 Rupe, Smith 377 Sampson, Charles C 330 Sanders, Lewis 263 Sanford, John L 317 Saunders, Charles C 202 Schaefer, Jacob 244 Schattner, Louis D 270 Schildman, Henry H 141 Schluetcr, Theodore 17^ Schnebly, William E 268 Schultz, Joseph A 232 Schwartz, Charles 158 Scott, Tsaac 215 Scott, James R 190 Sears, Fred B 249 Setlow, Andrew 3S2 Shaffer, Joseph E 313 Sharp, Manley 1 186 Shaw, James 188 Shawley, William F 313 Shelburrt, Hardy W 252 Sheppard, Charles J 329 Shortlidge, Allen J 375 Simmons, John B 310 Simmons, Joseph S 300 Simmons, Lewis A 314 Simmons, William H 369 Skelton, Arthur 275 Skinner, William II 266 Skow, Nels P : 282 Small, Ira [89 Smith, George A 200 Smith, Hilbert B 2S0 Smith, Phillip S 139 Smith. Fred 5^ Dallas, Green W 462 Davis, Fred A 323 Davis. Isaac M 546 Irwin, Richard L 554 Jarrett, Mark V 544 Johnson, Ed 496 Johnson, Hannibal F 566 Johnson, John T 548 Jones, Robert H 494 Jones, Seth 546 Keefer, Christopher F 501 Keith. Francis M 1072 Schill, Charles 1152 Schue, Peter 1 1 12 Skonnord, Bernt O 1152 Steadman. For instance to induce the natives to work and cultivate their lands, he had Mrs. De- scending, we note that the shelving sides of the canyon meet at" the bottom until they inclose the turbulent waters of this dangerous stream.

Help us reach our goal of raising $1 million for Operation Homefront!

We’re donating $500,000 to help support the critical needs of America’s military families.

Growth and Development of Social Order— Idaho Legislature Memorializes Congress — Efforts to Annex Northern Idaho to Washington Territory— Stout Opposition of Residents of the Southern Portion of the Territory— Pailure of Congress in 1886 to Admit Idaho to the Union — Annexation Movement on the Wane — Passage of the Omnibus Bill — Draft of New Constitution Prohibits Bigamy and Polygamy — Mormons Claim That Test Oath Is in Violation of United States Consti- tution — Question Taken to Federal Supreme Court — Transportation Problem — Construction of Northern Pacific Rail- way — Activity of the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company — Mysterious Pass in the Bitter Root Range of Mountains — Exploitations of the Oregon Short Line — Union Pacific Railroad Company in the Field — Clearwater Controversy — The Lewiston Riparia Road PART II. Erick 320 Evans, Tames II 338 Evans, Orin 34S Evans, William M 272 Everts, Charles W 202 Fairley, Earl E 247 Fairley, Oliver L 3°° Fanning, Sherman W 252 Fansler, Jesse H 273 Farmer, Alanson 3! It was by the British fur traders that they were taught the use of blankets both as wearing apparel and bedding. We were much surprised when told that we had passed the rapids about six miles." But we must not allow ourselves to be betrayed into dwelling at too great length upon the topographic features of Idaho county, for scenic beauty, though adding greatly to the charm of any region, is neverthe- less in this practical age secondary in importance to numerous other considerations.

William R I9S Doggett, Sidney J 295 Dowd, Charles 221 Dowd, Douglas V 210 Dowd. C 144 Durette, Frank 217 Easter, Levi C 179 Eastman, William A 231 Eby, Samuel M 293 Edwards, Toseph F 276 Ellis, Pitts 342 Erickson, Andrew J 320 Frickson. The graded public schools are housed in two buildings, one of four rooms and one of two, the former steam heated. Undoubtedly the Indians profited by the pres- ence among them of the merchants, from whom they obtained, besides an abundance of trinkets and tinsels, much that added greatly to their comfort. All during the forenoon we had been keeping a careful watch for the Wild Goose, and finally about noon, unable to stand the suspense any longer, the boat was pulled ashore near a house, and a farmer asked how far it was to the Wild Goose.

This is the place to discuss the nine clues…For instance: What are the nine clues…

million for Operation Homefront!We’re donating 0,000 to help support the critical needs of America’s military families. Growth and Development of Social Order— Idaho Legislature Memorializes Congress — Efforts to Annex Northern Idaho to Washington Territory— Stout Opposition of Residents of the Southern Portion of the Territory— Pailure of Congress in 1886 to Admit Idaho to the Union — Annexation Movement on the Wane — Passage of the Omnibus Bill — Draft of New Constitution Prohibits Bigamy and Polygamy — Mormons Claim That Test Oath Is in Violation of United States Consti- tution — Question Taken to Federal Supreme Court — Transportation Problem — Construction of Northern Pacific Rail- way — Activity of the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company — Mysterious Pass in the Bitter Root Range of Mountains — Exploitations of the Oregon Short Line — Union Pacific Railroad Company in the Field — Clearwater Controversy — The Lewiston Riparia Road PART II. Erick 320 Evans, Tames II 338 Evans, Orin 34S Evans, William M 272 Everts, Charles W 202 Fairley, Earl E 247 Fairley, Oliver L 3°° Fanning, Sherman W 252 Fansler, Jesse H 273 Farmer, Alanson 3! It was by the British fur traders that they were taught the use of blankets both as wearing apparel and bedding. We were much surprised when told that we had passed the rapids about six miles." But we must not allow ourselves to be betrayed into dwelling at too great length upon the topographic features of Idaho county, for scenic beauty, though adding greatly to the charm of any region, is neverthe- less in this practical age secondary in importance to numerous other considerations. William R I9S Doggett, Sidney J 295 Dowd, Charles 221 Dowd, Douglas V 210 Dowd. C 144 Durette, Frank 217 Easter, Levi C 179 Eastman, William A 231 Eby, Samuel M 293 Edwards, Toseph F 276 Ellis, Pitts 342 Erickson, Andrew J 320 Frickson. The graded public schools are housed in two buildings, one of four rooms and one of two, the former steam heated. Undoubtedly the Indians profited by the pres- ence among them of the merchants, from whom they obtained, besides an abundance of trinkets and tinsels, much that added greatly to their comfort. All during the forenoon we had been keeping a careful watch for the Wild Goose, and finally about noon, unable to stand the suspense any longer, the boat was pulled ashore near a house, and a farmer asked how far it was to the Wild Goose.This is the place to discuss the nine clues…For instance: What are the nine clues…Is the first clue “Begin it where warm waters halt” ? THE DISCUSSION CONTINUES ON THE CURRENT “NINE CLUES” PAGE.

In such cases they have, when possible, verified the statements of one man by those of another, knowing how treacherous and deceptive the memory frequently proves. Leslie...: 152 Thompson, Thomas H 304 Thompson, William L 172 Thomson, David 146 Thornton, Leon M 338 Thornton, Orville G 239 Tiede, Charles R 366 Tiede, Herman L 372 Timberlake, William E 267 Timmons, William 177 Trimble, Hank 25S PAGE Triplett, Jefferson D 2S4 Tumelson, Albert E 350 Tumelson, Jesse E 351 Tumelson, William O : . Charles A 371 Wann, James H ' 272 Warlick, Lawson W ;66 Warren, Felix I50 Waters, Eddv H 19, Watts, Edward F. John 231 Wolfe, John R 253 Wood, Joseph P 228 Woodin, Frank W 356 Wortman, Charles B 203 Wright, Charles W 273 Wright, Davis S 296 Wright, John G 236 Wright, Nahaniel T 333 Wright. Charles D 304 Bielby, Tohn 248 Billups, "John W 160 Billups, Mrs. Henry F 352 Black, John H 248 Blewett, John L 184 Blewett, Mrs. William F 160 Johnson, Zephaniah A 224 Jutte, Peter 3°4 Keeney. Elijah X 184 Leeper, Charles A 257 Malmoe, Martin B 232 Martin, Joel D 191 Martin, William B 791 Meek, Courtney W 320 Meek, Joseph L 168 Mockler, Thomas M 232 Mounce, J. Bertram W 272 Testerman, William A 248 Thompson, Thomas H 304 Underwood, George W 248 Vollmer, John P 137 Wann. Rhoades, Jay 567 Rice, Charles L 476 Rice, John B 462 Rice, John N 528 Rice, Moses H 495 Rice, Riley ^ ? Hiram W 540 Stewart, Charles W 516 Stites, Jacob 455 Stockton, George S 524 Stokes, Murat W 559 Stuart, James 459 Surridge. Norman 478 Hadorn, John 560 Irwin, Isaac M 544 Jarrett, Mark V 544 Jarrett, Mrs. William 708 Bean, Walter W 653 Beardslev, O 747 Beardsley. The old navigators had little conception of the breadth of this continent. As a citizen and a neighbor he was kind and obliging; to his family he was kind, yet severe in his religious observances. "There are those to whom such a scene is the very abomination of desolation, nothing present that is not savage and inhospitable. Frm the summit the crags and slopes tower upwards in endless variety and form with the weirdest mingling of colors.But, with all vigilance, we can not feel sure that erroneous statements have not crept into the volume, and we feel constrained to invoke the kind charity of the reader to the faults he may discover. The undersigned, pioneer settlers of Shoshone County, Idaho, hereby certify that they have read the history of said county to be published with that of other counties of north Idaho by the Western Historical Publishing Company and have called atten- tion of its compilers to such slight errors as they noticed. 3S g Wayne, George \Y 1 59 Webber, Jerry K s r Weeks, Elmer , 2 , W •:!! Whitson, William N 186 \ [ggin, Edward L 202 Wtldenthaler, Seraphin 26S Wilks, John V 299 Williams, Albert 204 Williams, Charles E 314 Williams, David S 345 Williams, Edward G 277 Williams, resse I' 173 Willis. 162 Wilson, Beniamin E 14=; Wilson, Edward B 2S9 Wilson, Nathaniel 323 Wilson, William J 309 Wimpy. Robert M 284 Wright, William A 166 Wright, William T 165 Wright, William W 175 Wyman, George II 285 Wyman, Philip 194 Yager, Walter E 379 York. Lily M 184 Bowlby, Wilson 2V Boyd, James W 184 Chapman, Charles E 304 Chapman, Mrs. James 480 Surridge, Thomas 474 Swanson, Nels 522 Swarts, John A 502 Swarts, Theodore D 474 Sweet, Edward S 572 Tautfest, Fred 503 Taylor, Andrew J 512 Taylor, Frank L 575 Taylor, Frank Z 520 Taylor, John 467 Telcher, Didriech H 507 Ternan, Henry 533 Thompson, James F 473 Thompson, Jessv B 500 Truitt,' Russell 526 Truscott, Matthew H 545 Turmes, Lucien 467 Turner, Franklin P 460 Turner, John W 496 Van Buren, D. Mark V 544 King, Peter 512 Lyon, Ivan D 568 Ott, Lawrence 512 Pettibone, Nathaniel B 564 Pfeufer, Joseph 564 PAGE Pulse, John J 556 ■Ready, Peter H 564 Remington, James J 478 Robie, Edward W ' (64 Robie, Isabella 464 Sweet, Edward S 572 Taylor, Andrew J 5 1 2 Triiscott, Matthew H 5 4 Turner, John W 496 Wassem, George F 556 Wassem, Mrs. Orton W 639 Beasley, Richard 654 Bechtel, Martin 662 Beckman. They thought it to be but a few leagues across, and took for granted that some of the many arms of the sea would lead them through to another ocean that would wash the Asiatic shores. He was unquestionably a sincere, though not always hum- ble Christian. Much of the granite rock, especially the crumbling slopes, was of a sparkling white chat dazzled the eyes, and through this ground- work harder masses of dull scarlet, merging into crag- gy knolls and pinnacles, shot up in vertical walls.The special histories of Latah and Kootenai counties were prepared by John M. The compilers have almost invariably been received with courtesy by those whom they have had occasion to approach, and to all who have in any way assisted, their sincere gratitude is hereby cordially extended. They cheerfully testify that the work is, to the best of their knowledge accurate and comprehensive and that it is free from partiality and sectional or class bias. ■- Richard ~S Whaley, Albert D 351 Wheat, Tames M 202 Whitcomb, Tames W 248 White, George W. Charles E 304 Clark, Louis 200 Click, Orie W 3^0 Dunwell, Dennis W. C 561 Vandeburgh, Edwin C 460 Vansise, Frank D 505 Vicory, Joseph H 561 Vincent, Joseph K 570 Vincent, Joseph S 492 Vineyard, Lycurgus 55S von Bargen, Herman 494 von Bargen. August 710 Bell, Robert J 640 Belvail, William R 690 Berry, Franklin M 70S Berry, James D 686 Biddison, Anion K 7°i Biram, William L 657 Booth, George M 744 Bottjer, John 724 Bowers, Stephen A 7*5 Bowles, Rufus M 7^3 Bowman, Charles E 672 Brillhart, George H 7 ! In 1500, only eight years after Columbus, Gasper Portuguese, conceived the idea of entering what afterward became known as Hudson's Bay and proceeding thence westward through what he called the strait of Anian. The loss of his wife and the excit- ing and savage massacre of his asociates produced their effects upon him. In the sunlight of early morning the canyon is a blaze of strange and ever changing color as the shadows recede from the scarred fronts of yellow, red and black, and become illumined with the bright rays of the strength- ening sun. Boundaries of the County — Tax Payers of the Early 'Seventies— Hard Times and Lack of Markets — Presence of Troops In- spires Feeling of Confidence— Year of 1879 One of Progress and Prosperity — Development of the County Under Trying Conditions — Summary of the Year 1881 — Murder of Chinamen in 1882 — General Miles Expresses Faith in the Nez Perce Indians— Efforts to Secure Removal of County Seat from Lewiston to Moscow — Establishment of State Normal School at Lewiston — Opening of the Nez Perce Indian Reservation— Explosion of the Steamer Annie Faxon — Memorable Mur- der Trial— Increase of Over Four Thousand in Population — Northern Pacific Railroad Company Extends Spokane and Palouse Branch to Lewiston — Nez Perces County Sends Troops to the Philippines — Gold Excitement of 1877— Roster of Pioneer Association — New County Destroyed Through a Clerical Error— Segregation .• 83 CHAPTER 11. Organic Act Creating Nez Perces County— Illegal Appointment of County Officials— Magruder Murder Trial— Democrats Capture All the Offices But One in 1868— Clash Between Parties on Question of Annexation— Vote on State Constitution —Republicans Memorialize Congress— Official Canvass of the Vote in 1888— Advent of Statehood— National Policies the Issue in Campaign of 1890— Organization of the People's Party in 1892— Brilliant Campaign in 1896— State Carried by the Fusionists— Official Vote 97 CHAPTER 111. Lewiston— Blossoms From a Canvas Town— Once a Portion of the Nez Perce Reservation— Incorporators are Hampered in Their Efforts— Indian Situation in 1877— High Water— Real Estate Rapidly Changes Hands— Irrigation Projects Com- municate an Impetus to Growth and Development— Sale of Street Improvement Bonds— Educational Facilities— Nez Perce— Morrow— Lenore— Fletcher— Mohler— Ho— Culdesac— Kamiah— Other Towns 107 CHAPTER IV. Traditional and Shadowy History— Indians Secure Horses from New Mexico and California — Expedition of Lewis and Clark — Story of Wat-ku-ese — Advent of Fur Traders into the Northwest — Civilizing Force of the American Missionary- Adoption of Laws for Government of Indians in 1842— Schools and Religious Congregations— Moral Character of the People— Disregard for the Rights of White Men — Commanding Influence of Head Chief Halhaltlossot — Nez Perce In- dians Swindled by Representatives of the Government — Fort Lapwai Indian Training School — A Word Concerning the Later Missions 122 CONTENTS. Owen 254 Dickinson, Joackiam L 194 Dickinson, Oren L 224 Dieterle, Fred 347 Dill, Benjamin 154 Dill, George W 292 Dill, John 154 Dixon. The churches of Nezperce comprise the Presby- terians, Methodist, Christian, German Baptist, Cath- olic and Baptist. First came Astor's party, then the North West Company and finally the Hudson's Bay Com- pany, besides several American expeditions sent out to compete with the British corporations for the profits of the fur trade. the Nez Perces of early days maintained a uni- form altitude of friendliness, and the fur trader who stopped to rest and refresh himself at a Nez Perce lodge was sure to receive kindly and hospitable treat- ment. After leaving White Bird we had been con- stantly warned to beware of the Wild Goose rapids, and so much had been told us of the dangers of the passage there that we had almost decided to line over the rapids, something we had not done in our whole trip. Topography— Picturesque Scenes Which Greet the Eye — Nez Perce Uplands Especially Adapted to Agriculture — Net Profits from One Acre Exceed 0 — Rev. 155 Crews, Bryant M 309 Crow, William 194 Crumpacker, William E 335 Cunningham, William 147 Curry, ' Theodore 369 Curtis, Julius E 23S Daggett, Frank S 163 Daggett, Walter E 340 Dale, Charles H 166 Dale, George P 166 Daniels. John B 190 PAGE Davison, William 11 278 Day, Joseph H 201 Decker, Frank J 291 Delsol, Louis 203 De Moude, Martin D 330 Dennis, James 175 Deschamps, William 318 Devlin. The next intercourse between whites and Nez Perces began with the advent of fur traders into the Northwest. "We reached the mouth of the Salmon river Decem- ber i~th, and two days were occupied in reaching Lewiston.

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