Greek culture dating
The principal instruments of the rembetiko are the bouzouki, an eight-string oval-shape instrument, the baglama, which looks like a miniature bouzouki, and the guitar as well as, for accompaniment, the ziyia, and the ntefi, a leather small tambourine with little metallic plates circling it.
Some of the greatest and most famous players and singers are Vassilis Tsitsanis, Markos Vamvakaris, Marika Ninou, and Sotiria Bellou.
This style was created by the "kleftes", the heroes who left to live in the mountains, leading a revolutionary action against the Ottoman tyranny.
Rembetiko music was spread by the two million Greek refugees coming from Asia Minor in 1922, after the destruction of Smyrna by the Turks.
Homesick and rejected by the Greek population, those Greeks who had never lived in Greece and who had lost everything, sang about their surroundings, poverty, pain, hunger, prison, police oppression, drug addiction, betrayal, and hashish.
The Greek tragedy used music as one of its component elements.
Then, with the fall of Ancient Greece and the evolution of the Byzantine Empire, Greece music got a more ecclesiastical approach.